Hydro, Solar, And Wind: Energy Policy Implication In Renewable Energy Deployment In Rwanda
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Rwanda energy sector is one of the important drivers for her economic transformation and livelihood improvement of her population toward the country’s vision 2020. The sector currently needs a high attention to sustain country’s growth economy by ensuring the effective deployment of all potential energy sources available within the country to increase energy production. However, the potential energy resources deployed in Rwanda are promoted by current Rwanda energy policy with different effort. Hydro, Solar, and Wind are among the renewable energy resources in Rwanda, and their contribution are differents in Rwanda energy generation. This thesis was conducted with aim of studying the potential of renewables (Solar and wind) in five locations (Nyagatare, Byumba, Kanombe, Butare, and Ruhengeri) and to find the gaps in Rwanda energy sector delaying deployment of renewables such as Hydro, Solar, and the Wind in energy generation. Current energy policy, energy sector strategic plan and other Rwanda energy related reports and articles were reviewed. Solar radiation and wind speed data recorded in 2015 from five locations were analyzed using Excel. The potential for solar was found in these five locations and one location for wind potential identified (Kanombe) with 5.3 m/s at 150m heights. Deployment of Hydro among other renewable energy resources in Rwanda energy generation was high and far more promoted by the current energy policy. We concluded by confirming that Hydro is highly promoted (with 60% of total installed capacity) regardless its limited potential and the potential of other renewables in Rwanda. There is a high need for diversification in energy generation. Solar has good potential and Wind potential in some locations are good to some extent. Renewable energy sources (Solar and Wind) can contribute significantly positive to Rwanda energy sector if all the identified gaps addressed very well.