Evaluating the Success of Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Policies in Ghana- Matching the Policy Objectives Against Policy Instruments and Outcomes
Adobea Oduro, Margaret
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This study outlined the policies targeting renewable energy and energy efficiency in Ghana, starting from the policy objective through the policy instruments and policy institutions. Energy policy is thus a strategy for tackling issues related to energy supply, demand, development of energy related industry and trade, and the consequences of energy activities. There have been numerous policies developed in Ghana to improve the uptake of renewable energy for electricity production and to ensure efficiency use of electrical energy. Some of the specific government policy objectives include secure long-term fuel supplies for the thermal power plants, reduce technical and commercial losses in power supply, support the modernization and expansion of energy infrastructure to meet growing demands and ensure reliability, accelerate the development and utilization of renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies. While some of the objectives have been met, some are yet to be realized. A detailed study of the available literature, scientific reports, structured interviews and questionnaires were conducted for different renewable energy stakeholders from selected government institutions, professional lectures from selected universities and renewable energy generators across Ghana. This was to know the favourability of the policies, the implementation of the policies incentives and the renewable energy barriers. Also, a comparative analysis was made with South Africa and Moroccan’s renewable energy sectors on the various strategies adopted to their achievements and what Ghana can learn from. Renewable energy indicators were used to analyse the comparison made, SPSS, visio and spreadsheets were the tools used to analyse the interviews and questionnaires conducted for the stakeholders. The study found out two main issues affecting the renewable energy sector of Ghana. 1) policy implementation affecting grid and off-grid solar PV generators; and 2) barriers to renewable energy development in Ghana and concluded that, policy incentives such as the net metering scheme, the feed-in-tariff and the renewable energy funds are poorly implemented in the country.
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