The System Dynamics of Electricity Demand-Supply Gap in Sudan: The Socio-Economic Impacts and Integrated Modelling Approach
EBNOUF, Nedal Sayed
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Efficient and reliable electricity supply is critical for economic growth. Sudan is facing multiple challenges of meeting country's electricity requirement, finding suitable resource transition from depleting fossil fuels and addressing the concern of climate change. Sudan among the medium electrification rate in Africa, in spite of the remarkable energy resources and the huge potential of renewable energy. Economy of Sudan is growing at fast pace in which with increasing demand for electricity. Khartoum the capital of Sudan has been subjected to frequent electricity outage since 2011 after the secession of South Sudan which left a significant effect on the thermal power plants productivity which the country was depending on. Urbanization level in Khartoum is another challenge to the electricity sector and one of the main variables causing the demand-supply gap. System Dynamics approach is used for understanding the interconnection between the electricity subsystem and the variables. This research using System Dynamics has developed models for electricity demand and supply in the country. In order to meet the growing demand of electricity per capita.